Hindi Journalism Day: Learn about the first Hindi Newspaper Udant Martand Journalist British Rule Pt Jugal Kishore Shukla – Hindi Journalism Day: Learn about the first Hindi newspapers and the journalists who shook the British rule

News Desk, Amar Ujala, New Delhi

Published by: Deepti Mishra
Updated Sun, 30 May 2021 11:44 AM IST

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Pt. Jugal Kishore, who started Hindi journalism, may not have even imagined that the plant he planted in Hindi journalism would one day become a giant tree. Let us tell you about ‘Udant Martand’ and those journalists of the time who shook the British rule with their pen on the occasion of Hindi Journalism Day.

Hindi Journalism Day
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The first newspaper in the Hindi language called ‘Udanta Martand’ was taken out on 30 May 1826. Hence, this day is celebrated as Hindi Journalism Day. Pandit Jugal Kishore Shukla of Kanpur started it as a weekly newspaper from Calcutta. Pt. Jugal Kishore, who started Hindi journalism, may not have even imagined that the plant he planted in Hindi journalism would one day become a giant tree. Let us tell you about ‘Udant Martand’ and those journalists of the time who shook the British rule with their pen on the occasion of Hindi Journalism Day.

There was not a single newspaper in Hindi
Panchatantra was the influence of Bangla and Urdu, followed by English, the language of the British rulers in Calcutta, the capital of India. Therefore, at that time many newspapers were produced in English, Bangla and Persian, but not a single Hindi language newspaper existed. In 1818-19, in the Bengali newspaper ‘Samachar Darpan’ of the Calcutta School Book, some parts were also in Hindi.

‘Udant Martand’ a bold experiment
However, ‘Udanta Martand’ was a bold experiment. The first issue of this weekly newspaper printed 500 copies. Due to lack of Hindi speaking readers, it could not get many readers. Secondly, due to being away from the Hindi speaking states, they had to send newspapers by post. Due to the high postal rates, sending it to Hindi-speaking states also became an economically costly deal.

Detailed

The first newspaper in the Hindi language called ‘Udanta Martand’ was taken out on 30 May 1826. Hence, this day is celebrated as Hindi Journalism Day. Pandit Jugal Kishore Shukla of Kanpur started it as a weekly newspaper from Calcutta. Pt. Jugal Kishore, who started Hindi journalism, may not have even imagined that the plant he planted in Hindi journalism would one day become a giant tree. Let us tell you about ‘Udant Martand’ and those journalists of the time who shook the British rule with their pen on the occasion of Hindi Journalism Day.

There was not a single newspaper in Hindi

Panchatantra was the influence of Bangla and Urdu, followed by English, the language of the British rulers in Calcutta, the capital of India. Therefore, at that time many newspapers were produced in English, Bangla and Persian, but not a single Hindi language newspaper existed. In 1818-19, in the Bengali newspaper ‘Samachar Darpan’ of the Calcutta School Book, some parts were also in Hindi.

‘Udant Martand’ a bold experiment

However, ‘Udanta Martand’ was a bold experiment. The first issue of this weekly newspaper printed 500 copies. Due to lack of Hindi speaking readers, it could not get many readers. Secondly, due to being away from the Hindi speaking states, they had to send newspapers by post. Due to the high postal rates, sending it to Hindi-speaking states also became an economically costly deal.

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